LOCATION: Located in Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay.
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 34 00 S, 64 00 W
POPULATION: 41,769,726 (July 2011 est.)
MAJOR CITIES – Population: BUENOS AIRES (capital) 12.988 million; Cordoba 1.493 million; Rosario 1.231 million; Mendoza 917,000; San Miguel de Tucuman 831,000 (2009)
LITERACY: 97.2% of total population
Total: 2,780,400 sq km (1,073,518 sq mi)
Country comparison to the world: 8
Land: 2,736,690 sq km (1,056,641 sq mi)
Water: 43,710 sq km (16,876 sq mi)
Area – Comparative: slightly less than three-tenths the size of the USA
Total: 9,861 km (6,015 mi)
Border countries: Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,261 km, Chile 5,308 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 580 km.
COASTLINE: 4,989 km (3,100 mi)
Second-largest country in South America (after Brazil); strategic location relative to sea lanes between the South Atlantic and the South Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); diverse geophysical landscapes range from tropical climates in the north to tundra in the far south; Cerro Aconcagua is the Western Hemisphere’s tallest mountain, while Laguna del Carbon is the lowest point in the Western Hemisphere.
PROVINCE OF MENDOZA
The Mendoza Province is located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. It borders to the north with San Juan, the south with La Pampa and Neuquén, the east with San Luis, and to the west with the Republic of Chile; the international limit is marked by the Andes mountain range. Covering an area of 148,827 km² (57,462 sq mi), it is the seventh biggest province of Argentina with 5.35% of the country’s total surface. The population for 2010 is 1.741.610 inhabitants, which makes it the fifth largest populated province of the country, or 4.35% of the total national population. Its capital city is the homonymous city of Mendoza.
The Mendoza Region is the capital of Argentina’s wine industry. All major wineries are located within 300KM from each other. Much like Napa Valley you cannot turn around and not see a vineyard someplace. Famed worldwide for its viticulture (with 70% of the 1.5 billion liters in Argentine wine production), the Mendoza economy (Argentina’s fifth largest) is, however, quite diversified. Two of the main industries of Mendoza area are olive oil production and wine making. The Province of Mendoza is the largest wine producing area in Latin America. As such, Mendoza is one of nine cities worldwide in the network of GREAT WINE CAPITALS, and the city is an emerging wine tourism destination and base for exploring the hundreds of wineries in the region.
Tourism, long active in the scenic province, has become one of its most important sources of income, with around 700,000 visitors per year. The main attractions are the Las Leñas ski centre, the Aconcagua mountain, and the provincial parks of the Atuel Canyon, Puente del Inca, Guaymallén and others. With the recent developments in Argentine wine production, wine tourism has also become very popular, with numerous wineries and wine-tourism oriented hotels appearing throughout the province.
Today Argentine wine is known throughout the world for its intense flavor and quality.
GAVILAN VINEYARDS is located in the city of San Rafael in the Mendoza Region, just 230KM south of the City of Mendoza. The soil is rich and the climate a perfect setting for vineyards. The Mendoza Region is the capital of Argentina’s wine industry.
All major wineries are located within 300KM from each other. Much like Napa Valley, you cannot turn around and not see a vineyard someplace.
320 days of sunshine per year give the vines the sunlight to grow and mature with high sugar levels. The sandy high-desert soil offers perfect drainage condition leaving just enough moisture to ensure the grapes have lots of juice. Fresh clear glacier water comes from the nearby Andes Mountains. GAVILAN lies on the highest point of San Rafael. The 85 hectare property overlooks the Andes Mountains and has a working 45 hectare vineyard with different variety of grapes.
Taste the clear, sunny skies over Mendoza and the cold mountain water that gave life to our grapes.